Chloroquine both prevents and treats malaria. For the least amount of stomach upset, take this medication with food.
Other names for this medication:
Chloroquine belongs to a group of medicines known as antimalarials. Chloroquine is available only with your doctor's prescription. Malaria is treated and prevented with chloroquine. Coronavirus (COVID-19) can also be treated with chloroquine in some hospitalized patients. Only in a hospital setting or during clinical trials should chloroquine be used for COVID-19. Except as directed by your doctor, avoid taking any medications that contain chloroquine. Chloroquine is not used to treat severe or complex malaria, nor is it used to prevent malaria in places or regions where it is known that it does not work (resistance). It is also used to treat liver infection caused by protozoa (extraintestinal amebiasis). It functions by preventing or treating malaria, a red blood cell infection spread by a mosquito bite. Chloroquine use, either on its own or in combination with other medications (such as azithromycin), may increase the risk of developing heart rhythm issues, such as QT prolongation, ventricular fibrillation, and ventricular tachycardia.
If you believe you may have contracted malaria or if you experience fever or other symptoms of illness while traveling to or returning from an area where the disease is prevalent, contact your doctor as soon as possible. Children's chloroquine dosages are determined by weight. Comprehensive information on Chloroquine dosage Read all medication guides or instruction sheets and adhere to all directions on your prescription label. Keep taking the medicine during your stay and for at least 8 weeks after you leave the area. All types of malaria cannot be completely treated or prevented by any medication. Begin taking the medication two weeks before traveling to a region where malaria is common. Store away from moisture, heat, and light at room temperature. If you experience fever, vomiting, or diarrhea while receiving treatment, consult your doctor. Chloroquine is typically taken once per week on the same day each week to prevent malaria. To treat amebiasis: Chloroquine is given in a high starting dose for 2 days followed by a smaller dose for 2 to 3 weeks. Chloroquine is typically administered to treat malaria in a series of low doses over the course of the following two days after a high dose. Even if your symptoms disappear quickly, take chloroquine for the entire recommended period of time. Use protective clothing, insect repellents, and mosquito netting around your bed to further prevent mosquito bites that could cause malaria. Follow the medication's instructions exactly. It's possible that you'll require regular eye exams and medical tests while taking chloroquine. To aid in halting the spread of infection, additional medications may be administered to you. The dosage requirements for your child may alter if they put on or lose weight.
If you miss a dose, don't take a second one to make up for it. To continue with your regular dosing schedule, skip the missed dose if it is almost time for the next one. When you remember, immediately take the missed dose.
Immediately dial 911 for emergency services if the victim has collapsed, experienced a seizure, is having difficulty breathing, or cannot be aroused. To report an overdose, dial 1-800-222-1222 for the poison control hotline. Information is also available online at https://www.poisonhelp.org/help. Constipation, vomiting, headaches, drowsiness, convulsions, and an irregular heartbeat are all possible overdose symptoms.
However, you shouldn't dispose of this medication in the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program. All medications should be kept out of the sight and reach of children, as many containers (such as weekly pill containers and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers) are not child-resistant and are simple for small children to open. Keep this medication tightly closed in the original container and out of the reach of children. If you are unable to participate in a take-back program, visit the FDA's Safe Disposal of Medicines website at http://goo.gl/c4Rm4p for more details. It should not be kept in the bathroom. Store it at room temperature, away from light, excessive heat, and moisture. To find out about take-back programs in your neighborhood, speak with your pharmacist or get in touch with your city's garbage/recycling department. To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location – one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach. http://www.upandaway.org Unneeded medications should be disposed of in a specific manner to prevent pets, kids, and other people from eating them.
A medication may also have some unintended side effects in addition to its desired effects. Even though not all of these side effects are likely to happen, if they do, medical attention may be required. If you experience any of the following side effects, consult your doctor right away: No data on frequency
Food lessens irritability and improves bioavailability. When taking, eat.
Mention acetaminophen (Tylenol, other), azithromycin (Zithromax), cimetidine (Tagamet), cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune), oral diabetes medications, carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Epitol, Equetro, Tegretol, Teril), phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek), or valproic acid (Depakene) Before using chloroquine phosphate, tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to chloroquine phosphate, chloroquine hydrochloride, hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), or any other drugs. tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Avoid getting any vaccinations before consulting your doctor because chloroquine phosphate can harm a nursing infant. Tell your doctor if you have or have ever had liver disease, heart disease, a prolonged QT interval (a rare heart issue that may cause irregular heartbeat, fainting, or sudden death), an irregular heartbeat, low magnesium or potassium levels in your blood, G-6-PD deficiency (an inherited blood disease), hearing issues, porphyria or other blood disorders, psoriasis, seizure, or any other medical conditions. If you are taking ampicillin, take it at least Call your doctor immediately if you become pregnant while taking chloroquine phosphate, and let them know if you are currently breastfeeding or intend to do so. If you take antacids, take them 4 hours before or 4 hours after chloroquine because they may interact with it. Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you carefully for side effects.
Which type of drug is chloroquine?
Chloroquine is used to prevent or treat malaria caused by mosquito bites. Chloroquine belongs to a class of drugs known as antimalarials.
What is another name for chloroquine?
Chloroquine, brand name Aralen, is an anti-malarial drug. It is similar to hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), and is useful in treating several forms of malaria as well as amebiasis that has spread outside of the intestines.
What is the side effect of chloroquine?
SIDE EFFECTS: Blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, headache, and diarrhea may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
An Update: Is hydroxychloroquine effective for COVID-19?
Multiple public health organizations, including the FDA, NIH and WHO have halted emergency use or study of hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19.
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