In the event that you experience: For medical advice about side effects, contact your doctor. The following are examples of frequent side effects: Your immune system is impacted by efavirenz, which could result in some side effects (even weeks or months after taking this medication). Effavirenz side effects (more information) If you experience any of the warning signs of an allergic reaction (hives, difficulty breathing, swelling in your face or throat) or a severe skin reaction (fever, sore throat, burning eyes, skin pain, red or purple skin rash with blistering and peeling), seek emergency medical attention. Psychiatric symptoms or nervous system problems may happen even months or years after you have been taking efavirenz. Inform your doctor if you have: There may be additional side effects; this is not a comprehensive list. Call 1-800-FDA-1088 to report side effects to the FDA. a seizure; hallucinations; difficulty concentrating, speaking, or moving (these symptoms may appear months or years after you begin taking efavirenz); nervous system issues such as dizziness, drowsiness, confusion, difficulty concentrating, strange dreams, insomnia, or issues with speech, balance, or muscle movement; serious mental health issues such as anxiety, paranoia, unusual behavior, feeling down or hopeless, hallucinations, or suicidal thoughts; or liver issues such as nausea Changes in the shape or location of body fat, particularly in the arms, legs, face, neck, breasts, and waist, as well as nausea, vomiting, dizziness, drowsiness, trouble concentrating, rash, headache, and fatigue. Fever, sweating at night, swollen glands, cold sores, coughing, wheezing, diarrhea, weight loss, difficulty speaking or swallowing, issues with balance or eye movement, feeling weak or prickley, swelling in your neck or throat (enlarged thyroid), menstrual changes, and impotence are all indicators of a new infection.
Controlled trials evaluating the long-term suppression of HIVRNA with efavirenz have not yet produced any results. Efavirenz is recommended for the treatment of HIV-1 infection when used in conjunction with other antiretroviral drugs. This indication is based on analyses of plasma HIV- RNA levels and CD4 cell counts in controlled studies of up to 24 weeks in duration.
Additionally, if you want to get pregnant, consult your doctor. Additionally, efavirenz may enter breast milk and seriously harm the unborn child. Those who take efavirenz shouldn't breastfeed. Never take any additional medications without first consulting your doctor. If you are allergic to efavirenz or any of its inactive ingredients, you should not take it. After treatment is stopped, efavirenz may continue to circulate in your blood for some time. Whether these flaws were brought on by efavirenz is unknown. Herb of St. John (Hypericum perforatum). extended QTc. Rash may be a serious problem in some children. Animal offspring and pregnant women who received efavirenz have both experienced serious birth defects. Efavirenz may have more side effects, such as drowsiness, when combined with alcohol or other medications that have similar side effects. If you are nursing a child, consult your doctor. If you experience any side effects while your child is taking efavirenz, including rash, call your doctor right away. If you are pregnant, tell your doctor as soon as possible. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advise against breastfeeding for mothers who have HIV because the virus can be passed from mother to child through the mother's milk. This means that for 12 weeks after stopping efavirenz, you should continue using contraception. These medicines include prescription and nonprescription medicines and herbal products, especially St. Even if they also use other forms of birth control, women still need to use a safe barrier method of contraception, like a condom or diaphragm. While taking efavirenz and for 12 weeks after stopping it, women shouldn't get pregnant. Efavirenz may render hormone-based birth control methods like pills, injections, or implants ineffective, so women shouldn't rely solely on them. You may need to stop breastfeeding or use a different medicine. Your doctor will monitor your risk and mya need to changes to other medications you are taking that may increase your risk for QTc prolongation.